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States Divided on Gun Controls         05/26 06:10

   

   OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) -- Washington Gov. Jay Inslee was quick to react to this 
week's carnage at a Texas elementary school, sending a tweet listing the gun 
control measures the Democratic-controlled state has taken. He finished with: 
"Your turn Congress."

   But gun control measures are likely going nowhere in Congress, and they also 
have become increasingly scarce in most states. Aside from several 
Democratic-controlled states, the majority have taken no action on gun control 
in recent years or have moved aggressively to expand gun rights.

   That's because they are either controlled politically by Republicans who 
oppose gun restrictions or are politically divided, leading to stalemate.

   "Here I am in a position where I can do something, I can introduce 
legislation, and yet to know that it almost certainly is not going to go 
anywhere is a feeling of helplessness," said state Sen. Greg Leding, a Democrat 
in the GOP-controlled Arkansas Legislature. He has pushed unsuccessfully for 
red flag laws that would allow authorities to remove firearms from those 
determined to be a danger to themselves or others.

   After Tuesday's massacre at Robb Elementary School in Uvalde, Texas, that 
left 19 students and two teachers dead, Democratic governors and lawmakers 
across the country issued impassioned pleas for Congress and their own 
legislatures to pass gun restrictions. Republicans have mostly called for more 
efforts to address mental health and to shore up protections at schools, such 
as adding security guards.

   Among them is Texas Gov. Greg Abbott, who has repeatedly talked about mental 
health struggles among young people and said tougher gun laws in places like 
New York and California are ineffective. In Tennessee, GOP Rep. Jeremy Faison 
tweeted that the state needs to have security officers "in all of our schools," 
but stopped short of promising to introduce legislation during next year's 
legislative session: "Evil exists and we must protect the innocent from it," 
Faison said.

   Wisconsin Gov. Tony Evers has repeatedly clashed with the GOP-controlled 
Legislature over gun laws. He has called for passage of universal background 
checks and "red flag" laws, only to be ignored by Republicans. Earlier this 
year, the Democrat vetoed a Republican bill that would have allowed holders of 
concealed carry permits to have firearms in vehicles on school grounds and in 
churches located on the grounds of a private school.

   "We cannot accept that gun violence just happens," Evers said in a tweet. 
"We cannot accept that kids might go to school and never come home. We cannot 
accept the outright refusal of elected officials to act."

   On Wednesday, a day after the Texas shooting, legislative Democrats asked 
that the Wisconsin gun safety bills be taken up again, apparently to no avail. 
Republican Senate Majority Leader Devin LeMahieu and Assembly Speaker Robin Vos 
did not return messages seeking their response.

   In Pennsylvania, an effort by Democratic lawmakers Wednesday in the 
GOP-controlled Legislature to ban owning, selling or making high-capacity, 
semi-automatic firearms failed, as House Republicans displayed their firm 
opposition to gun restrictions. The GOP-majority Legislature has rejected 
appeals by Democratic governors over the past two decades to tighten gun 
control laws, including taking steps such as expanding background checks or 
limiting the number of handgun purchases one person can make in a month.

   The situation is similar in Michigan, which has a Democratic governor and 
Republican-controlled Legislature. On Wednesday, Democrats in the state Senate 
were thwarted in their efforts to advance a group of bills that would require 
gun owners to lock up their firearms and keep them away from minors.

   "Every day we don't take action, we are choosing guns over children," said 
Democratic Sen. Rosemary Bayer, whose district includes a high school where a 
teen was charged in a shooting that killed four in November and whose parents 
are charged with involuntary manslaughter, accused of failing to lock up their 
gun. "Enough is enough. No more prayers, no more thoughts, no more inaction."

   Republican state Sen. Ken Horn responded by urging discussion about the 
other potential causes of gun violence.

   "I would just point out that there are political solutions, but there are 
just as many spiritual solutions," he said. "We don't know what's really 
happening in this world, what's happening in this country, what's happening to 
young men."

   Florida stands out as a Republican-controlled state that took action. The 
2018 shooting at a high school in Parkland that left 14 students and three 
staff members dead prompted lawmakers there to pass a law with a red flag 
provision that lets law enforcement officers petition a court to have guns 
confiscated from a person considered a threat.

   Democrats now want that expanded to allow family members or roommates to 
make the same request of the courts, but there has been little appetite among 
Republicans to amend the law. Instead, Republican Gov. Ron DeSantis said he 
wants lawmakers to allow people to carry handguns without a permit. The state 
currently requires a concealed weapons license.

   While Republicans have supported red flag laws in some other states, most 
legislative action around gun control in recent years has been in states led by 
Democrats.

   In Washington state, the governor earlier this year signed a package of 
bills related to firearm magazine limits, ghost guns and adding more locations 
where guns are prohibited, including ballot counting sites.

   In California on Wednesday, Gov. Gavin Newsom and top Democratic legislative 
leaders vowed to fast-track gun legislation, identifying about a dozen bills 
they plan to pass this year. Newsom highlighted a bill that would let private 
citizens enforce a ban on assault weapons by filing lawsuits -- similar to a 
law in Texas that bans most abortions through civil enforcement.

   Oregon's Democratically controlled Legislature has passed bills that require 
background checks, prohibit guns on public school grounds, allow firearms to be 
taken from those who pose a risk and ensure safe storage of firearms. On 
Wednesday, a group of six Democrats said more must be done after the mass 
shooting in Texas and the racially motivated massacre in Buffalo, New York. 
They pledged additional action next year.

   "We ran for office to solve big problems and make life better for our 
constituents -- and that includes taking on the gun lobby and politicians that 
place profits and political power over children's lives," they said in a joint 
statement.

   But there are limits even in some Democratic-controlled states, underscoring 
the challenge of gaining consensus to combat the rising frequency of mass 
shootings in the U.S.

   Rhode Island has passed restrictions in recent years that include measures 
to ban firearms from school grounds and close the "straw purchasing" loophole 
that had allowed people to buy guns for someone else. But bills that would ban 
high-capacity ammunition magazines and assault weapons have been bottled up in 
committee, in part because the overwhelmingly Democratic chamber includes many 
lawmakers who have opposed the measures, citing their support for the Second 
Amendment.

   In Connecticut, gun violence legislation supported by both parties swiftly 
followed after 20 children and six staff members were shot and killed at Sandy 
Hook Elementary Schoo l in 2012. But additional gun control measures stalled 
this year in the Democratic-led General Assembly, in large part because of a 
short legislative session and threats by Republicans to hold up legislation 
through a filibuster.

   Democratic Gov. Ned Lamont said Wednesday he's uncertain whether he will 
call a special session on the bills. They would put limits on bulk purchases of 
firearms and require the registration of so-called ghost guns, untraceable 
firearms that can be assembled at home.

   "I think it's become an incredibly partisan argument right now in our 
society," Lamont said. "It wasn't that way, you know, 30, 40 years ago. So that 
is disturbing, even in a state like Connecticut, where after Sandy Hook we had 
strong bipartisan support."

 
 
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